Category Archives : Samuel (Rayburn)


Samuel, Introduction

Download sermon Why Study the Books of Samuel?  Or, better, the “Book” of Samuel.  The Jews thought of it as a single book and it really is.  The Massoretes, the Jewish scribes who were the custodians of the sacred text for the Jews from AD 500 to 1000, as part of their procedure to ensure […]


1 Samuel 1:1-28

Download sermon Text Comment Now, before we begin our reading of chapter 1, just a word on the larger context, so we get our bearings. Chapters 1-3 is about the rise of Samuel as the Lord’s prophet, and the contrast of Samuel a faithful prophet with the corrupt sons of Eli, the priests Hophni and […]


1 Samuel 2:1-11

Download sermon This great psalm of thanksgiving is the prototype of the “Magnificat” as anyone can see who compares it with Luke 1:46-55. And like the Magnificat it ranges far beyond the particular blessing of a child as the gift of God to a devout woman. Only in v. 5 is that thought explicitly present. […]


1 Samuel 2:12-36

Download sermon 1 Samuel 2:12-36   Text Comment v.12     “wicked men” = lit. “sons of Belial”. Later “Belial” would be personalized as a name for Satan (as Paul in 2 Corinthians 6:15). These sons of Eli “did not know” the Lord. The NIV translation, “had not regard for” does, of course, get the sense of […]


1 Samuel 3:1-4:1a

Download sermon 1 Samuel 3:1-4:1a Text Comment In the first two chapters we have seen the account of Samuel and of Eli’s sons in alternation. First we hear about the one and the about the other. Clearly the two are being compared and contrasted: Samuel’s holiness and dedication to God and Hophni and Phinehas’ corruption […]


1 Samuel 4:1-22

Download sermon 1 Samuel 4:1-22 Text Comment We begin now with what is often called “The Ark Narrative.” Chapter 4 is the account of the loss of the ark to the Philistines; chapter 5 the account of its “pell-mell tour of Philistia” [Gordon, 24]; and chapter 6 the account of its return, after seven months, […]


1 Samuel 5:1-12

Download sermon 1 Samuel 5:1-12 Text Comment The ark was lost as punishment for Israel’s infidelity to God and her effort to domesticate God and use him for her own purposes. But, the fact that Israel was defeated by the Philistines did not mean, as it would naturally have been taken to mean in those […]


1 Samuel 6:1-7:1

Download sermon 1 Samuel 6:1-7:1 Text Comment v.2       “diviners” Divination, the so-called science of discovering beforehand the will of the gods was forbidden in Israel. Israel had God’s Word and was to live according to it. And, mostly, the Bible regards divination as a crock. But, from time to time, the Lord uses it to […]


1 Samuel 7:2-17

Download sermon 1 Samuel 7:2-17 Text Comment Now, it is important to see the chapter we are about to read in its larger context as the first part of the narrative of the origin of the monarchy in Israel. The chapter relates how, after a period of national apostasy, Samuel called Israel back to the […]


1 Samuel 8:1-22

Download sermon 1 Samuel 8:1-22 Text Comment Now, as we are going to see, the attitude the Bible takes toward the rise of the monarchy in Israel is complex and it is not always easy to reconcile the various statements that are given. On several occasions in the later part of the book of Judges […]