Category Archives : Samuel (Rayburn)


1 Samuel 16:14-23

Download sermon Text Comment We have begun the account of David’s rise to the throne of Israel. We are first told how David came to be present in Saul’s court. Now, you may be aware that this will present a problem later, for after David has killed Goliath, Saul acts as if he doesn’t know […]


1 Samuel 16:1-13

Download sermon 1 Samuel 16:1-13 Text Comment We now begin a new section of the Samuel history.  Saul is still the king and we will hear of him, but David steps to the fore as the hero of the account.  Saul enters the picture only as he bears on the history of David’s progress, against all […]


1 Samuel 15:24-35

Download sermon 1 Samuel 15:24-35 Text Comment v.24     Saul will say “I have sinned” twice in this text, again in v. 30. He will say the same thing again to David – whom he has been hunting and trying to kill – in 26:21. In no case does Saul’s confession appear to be sincere. We […]


1 Samuel 15:1-23

Download sermon 1 Samuel 15:1-23 Text Comment We begin tonight the last of the three chapters devoted to the account of Saul’s reign, this one, as you will see, providing the final stage in the Lord’s rejection of him as king of Israel. We have been pointing out these past Sundays that the narrative of […]


1 Samuel 14:24-52

Download sermon 1 Samuel 14:24-52 Text Comment What follows in these verses is a kind of odd story. But in the context as we are understanding it, its purpose is clear enough. Saul acts foolishly, creates a situation in which the true hero of the day unwittingly becomes a criminal and has to be rescued […]


1 Samuel 14:1-23

Download sermon 1 Samuel 14:1-23 Text Comment 13:23   The placing of the enemy garrison so close to their territory Jonathan will regard as a provocation requiring a response. Throughout the chapter, Jonathan seems to know exactly what is going on; Saul seems to be in a fog. v.2       The pomegranate tree was probably the place […]


1 Samuel 13:1-22

Download sermon 1 Samuel 13:1-22 Text Comment The next section of Samuel extends from 13:1 to the end of chapter 15 and amounts to the account of Saul’s reign as King of Israel.  To be sure, Saul continues to be king until the end of 1 Samuel, but from the beginning of chapter 16 the […]


1 Samuel 12:1-25

Download sermon 1 Samuel 12:1-25 Text Comment v.2       “my sons are here with you”   Remember, it was the unworthiness of Samuel’s sons that was one of the reasons given for asking for a king.  This is perhaps Samuel’s own wistful glance at what might have been.  [Alter, Com., 65] v.3       Remember, Samuel, in 8:8-18 has […]


1 Samuel 11:1-15

Download sermon I Samuel 11:1-15 Text Comment v.1       The Ammonites lived in the Transjordan, the country east of the Jordan, and represented the other military danger that Israel faced in those days.  The Ammonites to the east, the Philistines to the west. Now, it is very interesting that the copy of Samuel that was unearthed […]


1 Samuel 10:1-27

Download sermon 1 Samuel 10:1-27 Text Comment v.1       The anointing of Saul as the new king of Israel was a private affair and would remain so for some time thereafter (cf. v. 16: even Saul did not tell his relatives). “Leader over his inheritance” indicates that Saul’s role, and that of all subsequent Israelite kings, […]


1 Samuel 9:1-27

Download sermon 1 Samuel 9:1-27 Text Comment The arguments pro and con have been made and the Lord has given his judgment: Israel will become a monarchy. The next time the nation assembles it will be to receive her new king (10:17ff.). But now, in a brilliant stroke of narrative art, the attention shifts suddenly, […]


1 Samuel 8:1-22

Download sermon 1 Samuel 8:1-22 Text Comment Now, as we are going to see, the attitude the Bible takes toward the rise of the monarchy in Israel is complex and it is not always easy to reconcile the various statements that are given. On several occasions in the later part of the book of Judges […]


1 Samuel 7:2-17

Download sermon 1 Samuel 7:2-17 Text Comment Now, it is important to see the chapter we are about to read in its larger context as the first part of the narrative of the origin of the monarchy in Israel. The chapter relates how, after a period of national apostasy, Samuel called Israel back to the […]


1 Samuel 6:1-7:1

Download sermon 1 Samuel 6:1-7:1 Text Comment v.2       “diviners” Divination, the so-called science of discovering beforehand the will of the gods was forbidden in Israel. Israel had God’s Word and was to live according to it. And, mostly, the Bible regards divination as a crock. But, from time to time, the Lord uses it to […]


1 Samuel 5:1-12

Download sermon 1 Samuel 5:1-12 Text Comment The ark was lost as punishment for Israel’s infidelity to God and her effort to domesticate God and use him for her own purposes. But, the fact that Israel was defeated by the Philistines did not mean, as it would naturally have been taken to mean in those […]


1 Samuel 4:1-22

Download sermon 1 Samuel 4:1-22 Text Comment We begin now with what is often called “The Ark Narrative.” Chapter 4 is the account of the loss of the ark to the Philistines; chapter 5 the account of its “pell-mell tour of Philistia” [Gordon, 24]; and chapter 6 the account of its return, after seven months, […]


1 Samuel 3:1-4:1a

Download sermon 1 Samuel 3:1-4:1a Text Comment In the first two chapters we have seen the account of Samuel and of Eli’s sons in alternation. First we hear about the one and the about the other. Clearly the two are being compared and contrasted: Samuel’s holiness and dedication to God and Hophni and Phinehas’ corruption […]


1 Samuel 2:12-36

Download sermon 1 Samuel 2:12-36   Text Comment v.12     “wicked men” = lit. “sons of Belial”. Later “Belial” would be personalized as a name for Satan (as Paul in 2 Corinthians 6:15). These sons of Eli “did not know” the Lord. The NIV translation, “had not regard for” does, of course, get the sense of […]


1 Samuel 2:1-11

Download sermon This great psalm of thanksgiving is the prototype of the “Magnificat” as anyone can see who compares it with Luke 1:46-55. And like the Magnificat it ranges far beyond the particular blessing of a child as the gift of God to a devout woman. Only in v. 5 is that thought explicitly present. […]


1 Samuel 1:1-28

Download sermon Text Comment Now, before we begin our reading of chapter 1, just a word on the larger context, so we get our bearings. Chapters 1-3 is about the rise of Samuel as the Lord’s prophet, and the contrast of Samuel a faithful prophet with the corrupt sons of Eli, the priests Hophni and […]


Samuel, Introduction

Download sermon Why Study the Books of Samuel?  Or, better, the “Book” of Samuel.  The Jews thought of it as a single book and it really is.  The Massoretes, the Jewish scribes who were the custodians of the sacred text for the Jews from AD 500 to 1000, as part of their procedure to ensure […]